Inuit people: from climate change challenges to food security resilience - Valentina De Gregorio
2:15 PM, Sunday 6 Oct 2019 (30 minutes)
Sherbrooke Pavilion (SH) - SH-2580
Temperature rise is severely threating the survival of indigenous populations. This is true all over the world, especially in the Arctic region. There, the high increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) and greenhouse gas emissions combined with the rise of sea levels are not part of a relatively recent story, but rather phenomena steadily caused by man’s overexploitation of natural resources, including oil and gas extraction projects, commercial fishing activities as well as the systematic deforestation of large parts of the Great Northern Forest by the paper industry. What previously was part of Earth’s elements, over the years has become a commodity, with devastating effects on those pristine territories which Arctic indigenous people, particularly Inuit, had lived in and had carefully nurtured. Food insecurity, contaminations and loss of livelihood are concrete risks faced by Inuit native communities in their daily life. Someone takes refuge in urban settlements within their country, thus leaving huge rural territories in the hands of local and global myopic policies. Someone else decides to stay, making climate-resilient solutions a reality. By exploring the current situation of the race for the Arctic, in terms of available resources and geopolitical sphere of influence, Valentina will focus on the impacts Arctic climate conditions have on the survival of indigenous Inuit people, contributing towards shedding light on the role indigenous traditional food system have in offering new, alternative and efficient solutions to poverty and misery in Arctic and Sub-Arctic rural areas.