Change and Persistence in Lifeways at Avertok/Hopedale, Labrador - Jacinda Sinclair
9:00 AM, samedi 5 oct. 2019 (30 minutes)
Pavillon Sherbrooke (SH) - SH-3120
At the request of community partners in the Nunatsiavut and Hopedale Inuit Community governments, the Avertok Archaeology Project (Memorial University of Newfoundland, Archaeology Department) sought to perform an archaeological reassessment of Avertok, Hopedale’s original Inuit settlement. “The place of whales,” Avertok was once an important centre of whaling and coastal trade networks in the 17th-18th centuries. This settlement also became particularly important to the Moravians, who established a nearby mission in 1782. Yet despite Avertok’s cultural importance and its place as the primary focus of Junius Bird’s 1934 survey of the Hopedale area, many questions about lifeways at Avertok persist. These questions have only been complicated further by the limits of early archaeology and the possibility that 1930s thinking may have led Bird to poor methodological choices and inaccurate conclusions. In order to achieve the project’s dual goals of reassessing the accuracy of Bird’s original conclusions and gaining new insight about lifeways at Avertok, it was necessary to conduct field work at not only Avertok, but also two additional sites – Karmakulluk and Old Hopedale. This presentation will discuss the methodologies employed over two years (2017-2018) and how multiple sources of field and museum-based data were combined to piece together a picture of Inuit lifeways, revealing practices of change and persistence such as the progressive adoption of European-derived material culture and the continued hunting of marine mammals.