Christian Gollier: How should Society be organized to fight climate change? The economics viewpoint
9:30 AM, mercredi 26 mai 2021 EDT (1 heure 15 minutes)
In order to win the world war against climate change, one will have to incentivize billions of people and enterprises to implement a myriad of micro- and macro-actions to reduce global emissions. The problem is that these stakeholders will bear 100% of the cost, and basically 0% of the benefits, which will mostly goes to future generations. This so-called externality and free-rider problems have only one solution which is unanimously supported by economists. They propose to implement the polluter-pay principle by imposing a universal price of carbon that should be equal to the marginal climate damage. I will also discuss alternative solutions.