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The Chechia of El Battan, a witness of the Tunisian industrial heritage from 1846 to 2020 : Is it a social memory or is it used to preserve, enhance and innovate a unique set of the artisanal industry ?

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9:00 AM, miércoles 31 ago 2022 (20 minutos)
Nowadays,our new way of life with all the new technologies is taking over heedless consumption and it aims to gradually banish all cultural heritage and artisanal know
-how that is inherited from our ancestors. Each craftsman is considered as the witness to his time having lived and experienced it and every craftsman has ardently preserved the keys to the treasure of this heritage.
Tunisia has witnessed the decline of the Chechia - hat industry. From this deindustrialization will arise an industrial interest aiming at the conservation of the monuments’ memory vital for the safeguarding of the El Battan fulling factory. The latter constitutes a rare set of textile industry preservation, allowing to integrate all the components of the industrial heritage in their tangible as well as intangible dimensions. It is considered as an example of efficient “sustainable development" practices.EL BATTAN is an Andalusian term that refers to the hydraulic mill which is still used in Spain for washing and fulling the Chechia.
This industry is regarded as a cultural, patrimonial and territorial wealth. Hence, its preservationrequires an intervention and a multidisciplinary strategy that goes beyond the know - how legacy.
The strategy to preserve and enhance this tangible as well as intangible industrial heritage is to put it into operation in favor of development in its various economic, ecological and social dimensions. Our strategy consists in reviving this wealth. We aim to determine the potential specificities expected from the manufacturing phase so that they can be introduced into the territorial development process.
The status of "industrial heritage" does not keep away this factory from the commercial logic. Its new dimension makes it a "product" of territorialized identity in the market of cultural property. Researchers responsible for itemizing them are responding to a well-defined demand that concerns both technical and architectural aspects of this heritageas well as its social history. Could an intervention developed through design thinking strategy enhance a territory by the manufacturing technique of the "CHACHIA" through a Fablab or a know-how school? How does an artisanal know-how sustainably contribute to the enhancement of the architectural and industrial heritage? To what extent could the Tunisian "Chechia" be part of a "pedagogical entrepreneurship" approach through real projects and sample case studies carried out by students? Our objective is to experience product design and to understand the importance of this heritage in our daily social life, nationally and internationally.

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