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Philipp Römer

PhD student
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
Participates in 1 Session

Sessions in which Philipp Römer participates

Wednesday 29 June, 2022

Time Zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
12:30 - 14:00 | 1 hour 30 minutes

Central Europe has been affected by unprecedented summer droughts in the 21st century, resulting in large-scale forest decline that has impacted many native tree species. Growth analyses of multiple tree species from mid to low elevation in Europe remain sparse, despite decades of dendroclimatological studies, and limit our understanding of how forests will evolve under changing climate conditions. Here, we introduce a new multi-species tree-ring width network of 65 individual sites (>2...

Sessions in which Philipp Römer attends

Monday 27 June, 2022

Time Zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
8:30 - 12:30 | 4 hours

MAIDENiso is a numerical process-based model that allows researchers to simulate the growth of a virtual tree. Using daily meteorological data, the model simulates the physical and physiological processes taking place in the tree and its environment, to produce daily and yearly outputs comparable to dendrological observations. The model has been adapted and used successfully in boreal regions in North America. In an inverse mode, tree-ring obs...

13:30 - 17:00 | 3 hours 30 minutes

Free, in person and onlineThe stable isotopic compositions of carbon and oxygen (d13C and d18O) measured in tree rings are valuable proxies for reconstructing paleoclimate and are increasingly used as paleophysiological proxies. Applying these proxies in ecophysiology and paleoclimate can be challenging as they rely on complex process-based models and poorly constrained input data. In recent years, h...

Tuesday 28 June, 2022

Time Zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
8:45 - 9:15 | 30 minutes

Africa is faced with a number of challenges including climate change and ecological disturbance due to various anthropogenic activities. These problems adversely affect the forests and also ecosystem services. My appreciation for the forests motivated me to pursure my undergraduate studies in Forestry. I first applied dendrochronology during my PhD research which focused on understanding the climate change vulnerability of the Zambezi teak forests in Zambia. However, lack of research facil...

11:00 - 12:15 | 1 hour 15 minutes
Symposium 1

Tree-ring time series provide long-term, annually resolved information on the growth of individual trees. However, public tree-ring archives contain a considerable portion of data collected from trees that have been selected with specific research questions in mind (e.g., for climate reconstruction).  This makes these archives a biased representation of the sensitivity of forest ecosystems to ongoing climate variation (e.g. temperature, precipitation), including non-stationarity (i.e....

15:15 - 15:30 | 15 minutes

Floods and droughts have recently worsened in the Fraser River Basin (FRB), British Columbia, causing significant impacts to western Canadian economy, ecosystems, and societal wellbeing, as well as the costliest natural disaster in the province’s history in 2021. These extreme events present a major management challenge since the FRB is susceptible to unregulated spring flood and summer drought events, even in the same year. Meanwhile observational streamflow datasets are both short and po...

16:00 - 16:15 | 15 minutes

The Laacher See Eruption (LSE) ranks among Europe’s largest Upper Pleistocene volcanic events. Although its tephra deposits represent an important isochron for the synchronization of proxy archives at the Late Glacial to early Holocene transition, uncertainty in the eruption age has prevailed. Combined analysis of high-precision ring width and radiocarbon measurements from individual rings of trees that were killed during volcanic eruptions and buried by their deposits can provide eruption...

16:15 - 16:30 | 15 minutes

Cyclic outbreaks of the larch budmoth (Zeiraphera griseana, hereafter referred to as LBM) have affected the growth of their larch host trees (Larix decidua) in the European Alps. These regular defoliation events have weakened since the 1980s, likely in response to climate change, but recured in 2018. Here, we investigate the LBM activity along two elevational gradients in the Swiss Alps using tree-ring width (TRW) and maximum latewood density (MXD) measurements from 15 sites between 1,400 ...

Wednesday 29 June, 2022

Time Zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
8:45 - 9:15 | 30 minutes

Dendrochronology is considered one the most precise of all the scientific dating techniques. However, it requires long sequences of tree rings and a master record for both the species and region in question. At the University of Groningen, we have been pioneering a new approach to dating that combines the precision of dendrochronology with the versatility of radiocarbon dating. It relies on the detection of spikes in the annual radiocarbon record, thought to b...

11:00 - 11:15 | 15 minutes

Forty years ago Dr. Tom Yanosky, a research botanist with the US Geological Survey, reported that ash trees growing along the Potomac River contained rings with abnormal wood anatomy caused by flood damage. Dr. Yanosky recommended these rings — which he dubbed “flood rings” — could be used to estimate the date, seasonal timing, and (most importantly) peak stage of past floods. Since that discovery, flood rings have been identified for forested river systems in eastern France, central Canad...

11:45 - 12:00 | 15 minutes

Dendroclimatological reconstructions are often extended into the past with wood from historical buildings. However, the varying, though frequently unknown origin of timbers not only affects the growth rate but also the climate response of individual tree-ring samples. We tested nine supervised machine learning algorithms for the geographical provenancing of 99 historical tree-ring samples. We sampled 143 living larch (Larix decidua Mill) trees at seven sites along an elevational gradient f...

18:30 - 21:00 | 2 hours 30 minutes

This is a mandatory (!)  .... and FREE (!!) cocktail & award ceremony (!!!)(in replacement of the Banquet formula)->->->->->->->->->->->->->->->->->->After a great summer day of scientific and urban discoveries in our beloved MTL, we wish to bring together all the AmeriDendro community in one place and congratulate the TRS awardees for their remarkable achievements!  -Bonsinsegna award-Fr...

Thursday 30 June, 2022

Time Zone: (GMT-05:00) Eastern Time (US & Canada)
8:45 - 9:15 | 30 minutes

How old are tropical trees? This fundamental question has long driven the curiosity of laymen and scientists. But only recently, a great number of studies conducted by many brave dendrochronologists resulted in a significant tree-ring-based knowledge that allows us to start accurately estimating tree ages across the globe. As science goes, not only knowing the longevity of tropical trees is essential to understanding forest dynamics and its role in biogeochemical cycles, but one must also ...

9:20 - 9:35 | 15 minutes

The assessment of pre-instrumental climate variability during the Common Era (CE) has been a key element of IPCC reports and was recently emphasized by showing a single temperature reconstruction as the first figure in the 2021 Summary for Policymakers (SPM). This reconstruction is derived from dozens of proxy records including tree-rings, corals, ice cores and sediments, and displays the course of global temperatures over the past 2000 years. Show casing a single study for paleoclimate co...

9:20 - 10:50 | 1 hour 30 minutes
Proxy modellingData-model fusion
10:05 - 10:20 | 15 minutes

Tree-ring records have been used extensively to reconstruct past streamflow variability.  Annually resolved estimates for several centuries prior to observations, and in some cases millennia, have been produced from dendroclimatic proxies.  However, despite an often strong hydroclimatic signal embedded in the rings, some factors limit the skill of such reconstructions, including human interference with the hydrological cycle.  We examine the relationship between local output...

13:25 - 14:00 | 35 minutes
FireClimateCommon EraBoreal

A gap of millennial tree-ring data suitable for dendroclimatology has long been evident in the North American boreal forest. In my talk, I will describe the adaptive approach we have developed to build and improve a data network for millennial dendroclimatology in the eastern Canadian taiga. Recurrence of stand replacing wildfires is the most important constrain to the elaboration of long tree ring chronologies, which can only be developed away from regions ...

14:05 - 15:50 | 1 hour 45 minutes

The interpretation of stable isotopes in a dendroecological framework can provide powerful insights into how trees adjust physiologically in response to the environment. This symposium aims to bring together researchers who use stable isotopes in tree rings to address ecophysiological responses to environmental changes from intra-annual to multi-decadal resolution. We hope this symposium will enable fruitful discussions and new ideas a...

15:50 - 17:20 | 1 hour 30 minutes

Allies have emerged as key enablers of diversity and inclusivity initiatives in the workplace, in professional associations, and in everyday life. But what is an ally? What skills are required to be an effective ally? How do we hold ourselves and our community members accountable for being effective allies? This symposium will provide a deeper understanding of what it means to be an ally and the skills to help advance allyship as individuals and as a community. Fur...